ASSAP: Paranormal Research
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Maurice TownsendWelcome to the ASSAP paranormal blog! Though this blog is aimed at anyone interested in the paranormal, it will be of particular interest to the paranormal research community. Updated frequently, but not regularly (don't expect something new every day!), it covers any paranormal topic, as well as highlighting recent changes to the ASSAP website. You may not notice it but this site changes on an almost daily basis.

Whenever new information becomes available on a subject ASSAP covers, it is added to the relevant pages of the website straight away. So, just because you've read a page, don't assume it will still be exactly the same when you next look. That way the ASSAP website remains an up to date research resource.

The photo (above right, pic by Val Hope) is the ASSAP blogger himself, out looking for anomalies wherever they are to be found, so that you can read about them here. To contact the ASSAP blog, email here.

Important note: If anything in this blog does not make sense, try following the links in text! If it still doesn't make sense, that's probably my fault ...

Previous blog pages ... (including ghosts, UFOs, poltergeists, flying rods, miracles, orbs, hypnotic regression, big cats, vampires, near sleep experiences, premonitions, shadow ghosts, paranormal photos, auras, river monsters and dozens of other subjects)

NB: WDTHDWP = 'what does this have to do with the paranormal'

30 July: What is the difference between coincidence and precognition?

ClockRecently, I reported (here) an apparent example of precognition that I witnessed. It involved a misperceived sighting of a market stall. Just such a stall appeared in the same place, and to my complete surprise, the following day. Though you could make a case for the incident being an example of precognition, it somehow felt more like a coincidence to me. That got me thinking, what exactly makes a convincing precognition?

it is difficult to distinguish a rare coincidence from precognition. I'm, therefore, going to refer to such incidents as examples of PPRC - 'possible precognition or rare coincidence'. I can't find, after some admittedly cursory online research, the difference between a coincidence and precognition. If anyone knows of any definitive source on this subject, please let me know.

I suspect there is no fixed divide between coincidence and precognition. A detailed description of a future event would obviously be more impressive than something vague or ambiguous. The likelihood of the event being predicted might also be considered important. Of course, there may be NO way to reliably distinguish a single incident of precognition from a coincidence. But if one person repeatedly correctly predicted unlikely future events, precognition would be considered likely.

So what did I think would have made my 'market stall' precognition more convincing? I think it depends if the event is life-changing. It is unlikely that knowing where a market stall will be in advance would change a life. In contrast, most widely-reported precognitions concern future events that have a significant effect, good or bad, on people's lives. So, suppose instead of misperceiving a market stall, I'd misperceived a sign with a strange name on it. And suppose the name turned out to be that of a race horse I'd never heard of. And suppose it raced the next day and won. And suppose I'd bet on that horse. I think many people, in those circumstances, might put a high stake on such a horse because it would 'feel' like precognition. But if the horse lost, it migh feel more like coincidence.

So, I wonder if there are many more PPRCs going on ever notice. If they accurately foreshadow mundane events we may just dismiss them as mere coincidence. But even the life-changing precognitions may still be coincidence. So what IS the difference between precognition and coincidence?

27 July: The crouching figure

Haunted house floor planI turned round to see a strange, heavily-built figure crouching under a distant tree. Both tree and figure were silhouetted due to the lighting conditions. Then I remembered something. I'd actually been adjacent to that very tree just minutes before and seen the 'figure' close up. It was actually the gnarled stump of an old tree. So this was an example of a glance misperception leading to a ghost sighting.

This might have been a 'routine' ghost misperception but for one thing. Normally what happens is that you see the ghost and then realise it is a misperceived mundane object. From then on you never misperceive that object again, presumably because the unconscious bit of your brain remembers its true identity. But in this case I actually saw the object for what it was and only afterwards perceived it as a crouching figure. So why didn't the unconscious bit of my brain remember what it really was? I readily admit that I have a terrible memory but even I don't forget things in a just a few minutes. So what's going on?

My theory is that because the tree stump was seen from a different angle, in the distance and silhouetted, it looked sufficiently different to not be recognized. I do remember that when I first saw the crouching figure I did not immediately realise it was by a tree I'd examined closely before. If the conscious part of my brain was fooled then why not the unconscious bit too?

If my theory is correct then it means that misperceptions of a particular object are not always stopped forever by realizing what it really is. It may be possible for the same object to be misperceived by a witness more than once in sufficiently different conditions, such as lighting, angle of view and distance. It raises the possibility that the same witness may see the same ghost multiple times, from different positions or under different lighting conditions. Formerly I would have said that one witness seeing the same ghost multiple times would have reduced the likelihood that it was a misperception, but no longer. The key point to consider in investigating such a case would be the exact position of the ghost itself which would not vary. This fits neatly with the idea that some (many?) haunting hot spots, which are quite small areas where the same phenomenon is typically reported repeatedly, are caused by misperception.

23 July: Ghost of a future event?

ClockI was out shopping recently in an area very familiar to me. Taking a short cut through an arcade, I happened to notice the main shopping street along a branch arcade. I could see a red and white stall there. A few times a year they hold a market there. I was interested to see what the theme of this particular market was so I diverted towards it. When I looked up again, there was no red stall, only a large red and white umbrella over a table outside a cafe. Being in the same position as the 'stall', it became obvious I had misperceived the umbrella as a market stall. I walked into the main street but there wasn't a stall in sight.

Misperception isn't just about seeing human figures that aren't there. You can misperceive all sorts of things, even market stalls. But that isn't the most interesting bit.

I happened to return to the same area the next day. To my astonishment there was a market there. Even more amazing, there was a red and white stall just next to umbrella. And, as I discovered, it was actually visible from the same place I'd first noticed a 'stall' the previous day! So, was this a case of precognition?

It is difficult to distinguish precognition from coincidence. So what are the odds against this event being mere chance? It is impossible to say but there are two important factors to consider. Firstly, I had no idea there would be a market there on that day. Secondly, there were many stalls present, in various different colours, so it was amazing that a red and white one should appear in almost the precise position I thought I'd seen one the previous day. But even if the odds are heavily against an event occurring by chance, that doesn't stop it being a coincidence, albeit a massive one. If there is ANY chance of a coincidence occurring, however remote, then it can still happen by pure chance, once in a long while.

If this incident WAS precognition, it is interesting that it involved a misperception. It had never occurred to me before that a precognition might appear as a misperception but I guess there's no reason why not. My own conclusion is that there is no way to show that this event was anything other than a coincidence.

But what might someone else, without my experience of investigating the paranormal, have made of this incident if they had experienced it? Had they not realized the role of the umbrella, they might have thought the original stall had vanished and was, thus, a ghost or a vision. Then, on seeing an extremely similar stall in (almost) the same place the next day, the ghostly nature of the original sighting would have contributed to the idea that it had been precognition. Certainly, a ghostly stall being seen soon before the 'real one' arrives sounds paranormal! In fact, it sounds like a ghost of a future event.

21 July: Paranormal smells

Rock faceThere's a fascinating article in this week's New Scientist concerning smell. It could be highly relevant to paranormal reports concerning smell. Apparently, humans have around 400 receptors for smell but everyone gets a slightly different set. In addition, many smells activate more than one receiptor. Taken together, these facts mean that how we sense smells varies significantly from person to person. It explains why people often argue about what they are smelling.

So, suppose you release a specific odour into a room containing a group of people and ask them all to report individually what they smell. Some may describe the smell in one particular way while others will say it is quite different. And a third group may not smell it at all! It all depends which set of smell receptors they have.

Now suppose that group of people was in a room in a haunted building. The variable response and the fact that some people don't detect it at all, could be taken as an indication of the paranormal at work.

Another reason an odour might sometimes be considered paranormal is if there is NO POSSIBLE source for it in the vicinity. But suppose such a report comes from a single witness. That person may have a set of receptors that mistake a common smell for one that has no source nearby. To reduce this problem, it will obviously help if there are more people present so they can compare notes.

It is clear from all this that deciding whether a smell has a paranormal origin or not is rather complicated. It really requires a good understanding of how normal odour perception works. And reports from single witnesses must clearly be treated with caution.

And the photo? Well, it's got a big nose ... (see 17 July post).

17 July: Just imagination?

Rock faceOne of the popular ideas among the general population (as opposed to paranormal researchers) is that many reports of anomalous phenomena are the result of imagination. I can't quite see how this would work in practice. Like most people, I sometimes fall into daydreaming episodes during the quiet moments of life. But they never lead me to actually see things that are not physically there. The scenes in my daydream remain firmly in my head while I continue to see the real world around me. So I'm not sure how imagination can, on its own, make you see stuff that isn't really there. In all the many paranormal cases I've examined in detail, imagination has never emerged as a likely, or even unlikely, explanation.

Another popular explanation for reports of anomalous phenomena is people seeing patterns in images or sounds when they are not really there. An example would be seeing a 'face' in a rock formation. Well I have often seen such things but I never once thought they were actual faces. Take the photo (right) as an example. I see a prominent nose, a quite convincing eye and a bizarrely small mouth. What I don't see is an actual human face and nor, I suspect, will anyone else.

Contrast that with the second photo (below right). I see a magazine held open to reveal an inside page, which is blank. Even though I know that is not what the photo really shows it is still what I see. it is a form of permanent misperception, for me at least. For an explanation of this image see here. In all the many paranormal cases I've examined in detail, seeing illusory patterns has never emerged as an even remotely possible explanation.

Ghostly cylinderThus, these 'popular explanations' do not, in my view, stand up to much scrutiny. Based on my own experience I'd say they seldom, if ever, explain any paranormal reports. However, they do affect how witnesses to strange phenomena are viewed by the public. It is little wonder that some witnesses are reluctant to share their experiences.

The reality of what witnesses perceive in actual cases is quite different to these popular ideas. When someone misperceives a tree as a human figure they don't see a tree vaguely resembling a person. Instead, they see an actual human figure, taken from their own visual memory (see example here) and the tree isn't visible at all. When someone hears an EVP caused by formant noise they don't hear a vague noise that could be language. They hear actual distinct words produced within their brain in response to the formant noise (see here for examples). When someone sees a ghost, or an alien, in a near sleep experience, the scene appears exactly as if it was produced by real external objects.

I suspect that, in all these cases, the experience would use the same bits of the brain as one caused a real external equivalent if viewed in a fMRI scan. So, experiences caused by these mechanisms are completely authentic in the brain of the witness. They simply don't happen to correspond with the physical reality around the witness. When paranormal investigators talk to witnesses it is important they understand that, however fantastic the accounts may appear, it is highly likely that they were experienced pretty much precisely as described. Finding out whether these experiences corresponded to any physically real external event, and what that was, is the job of the paranormal investigator.

14 July: Door closing ghost

ShadowI mentioned in a previous post that the 'door ghost' appears to have vanished in recent weeks (see here). Well, it's back! I saw it on a dull day which lends support to my idea that the ghost doesn't appear on bright sunny days. Lighting is so important in misperception.

Talking of doors and ghosts, I recently found a door ajar. This would be as dull as it sounds were it not for the fact that I was alone in the locked building where it happened and I ALWAYS keep that door fully open. I have three theories. Firstly, it was a ghost. Secondly, I closed the door myself without remembering it. This sort of automatic action ('automaticity') could account for some incidents where objects are found to have apparently moved by themselves in haunting and poltergeist cases. However, the third theory is the one I'm going with.

The door apparently closing by itself corresponded with a rare coincidence. There was a window open in the same room as the door, it being summer. But, in addition, there was another window open elsewhere in the building that is rarely opened. I think an air current was set up between the two windows that partly closed the door. The effect may well depend on wind direction.

I've mentioned before that coincidences can be important in producing such xenonormal events. Unfortunately, such coincidences are often missed in investigations. Taking this incident as an example, how many people would remember, after the event, that the two windows were open at once? Or, if they did, would they consider the fact significant? And would they remember if it was windy?

The lesson for investigators is always to be on the lookout for anything unusual or different that was happening at the same time as a reported strange event. The unusual thing may not, at first, appear to have any relationship with the reported strange incident. But one may, indeed, explain the other.

10 July: Weird stuff is everywhere

FoxWhy does the xenonormal exist? Why do normal things happening that resemble the paranormal enough to convince witnesses they are anomalous? It's a question I've often asked but never satisfactorily answered. So here's a simpler question that might help. How common is the xenonormal?

In my experience the xenonormal is actually quite common. I have documented many instances in this blog over the years. In most cases, had I not investigated what I'd seen at the time, I might still think I'd seen a ghost, UFO or other anomalous phenomenon. So if there is all this stuff going around imitating the paranormal, why aren't we swamped by paranormal reports?

Here is something I experienced recently. I saw a fox walking along a deserted street one very early morning. Then I saw someone walking the other way. They were bound to see the fox in the narrow street with nowhere to hide. The fox sped off but the person showed no sign of seeing it despite being only 3-4m away. How had they not seen it? Maybe because they were wearing headphones and staring at a phone!

I have seen this sort of thing many times before. Even without the distraction of a phone, people consistently fail to notice quite obvious but unusual things near them. As people go around their daily business they are not usually paying attention to their surroundings, especially when in a familiar area. People only see unusual stuff when it becomes too obvious to miss. If the fox in the street had run directly in front of the person with the phone it might have been seen.

And because people are not paying attention to stuff around them, when they DO notice something unusual it is often unfamiliar. And that is when it can sometimes be seen (or misperceived) as something other than what it really is. But why are so many unfamiliar objects reported as anomalous phenomena rather than simply unknown? Why is something unfamiliar in the sky get reported as an alien spacecraft rather than an odd shaped balloon or cloud? Why is someone in historic costume taken to be a ghost rather than a reenactment player or someone going to a fancy dress party? I think it is because people unconsciously EXPECT to see paranormal stuff because of all the movies, games and books about them. Indeed, in the case of misperception, the object must have been seen before for the witness to visually substitute it for a poorly-seen object. And many people are more likely to have seen a fictional alien spacecraft than a rare terrestrial aircraft.

It is familiarity which is the key factor here. This fits with the fact that very few astronomers ever report seeing UFOs. That's because they are thoroughly familiar with the objects likely to be seen in the night sky.

So, the xenonormal is all around us. How much of it is out there depends on how familiar you are with your surroundings. My latest answer to the question of why the xenonormal exists is therefore this: the xenonormal exists because (a) we will always be unfamiliar with something in our surroundings and (b) we are almost all steeped in a culture that includes a significant chunk of anomalous phenomena, whether fictional or real life. And this is why so many paranormal cases are found, on careful investigation, to have natural causes.

7 July: Solstice ghost?

ShadowRegular readers will be aware of my regular sightings of the 'door ghost' (see here for background). Oddly, I haven't seen it recently. I have neither been trying to see it nor avoiding it. The ghost just seems to have disappeared, at least for now.

So I was rather taken aback recently when a shadow appeared behind me when I was in the 'door ghost' position. It wasn't the door ghost itself but the shadow of someone just behind me. There had been no one there seconds before and I'd not heard anyone approach. I looked round but there was still no one there. So, a ghost perhaps.

The shadow turned out to be from a nearby bush. The shadow resembled that of a person even though the bush didn't look like a human figure from where I stood. The effect was no doubt due to the angle of the sun. So why hadn't I noticed this ghostly shadow before?

Firstly, the bush only casts a shadow in that area when the sun is at a particular high angle. Secondly, the bright summer sun produced a particularly intense shadow making it very noticeable. The 'human/ghost shadow' effect can, therefore, only happen at certain times of the day during a few days in summer, near the solstice. The high angle of the summer sun may also be why the door ghost is currently absent.

This illustrates, once again, why it is essential to duplicate lighting conditions when investigating sightings of anomalous phenomena. This could be a problem if, as in this case, the right conditions only occur for a few days a year!

3 July: Music and ghosts - a connection?

Crows in a treeI swung round to look behind me, shocked. I'd just heard someone in the room even though I knew for a fact that I was alone in a locked building. There was no one to be seen! A ghost, perhaps? Or if not then what?

Here are the circumstances. I was watching a video I'd recorded at an outdoor location. It was the first time I'd ever watched it. There was also quite loud music playing. I wasn't interested in the sound track on the video, which was just ambient noise. So the music wasn't interfering with my assessment of the video. I quickly realised that the 'person' sound I'd heard behind me actually came from the sound track of the video. So why did I think it was a person / ghost?

OK here are my thoughts on this event. I was concentrating on the music and only heard those ambient sounds from the video that were particularly loud. The ambient noises were not produced by the objects visible in the video (a telephoto sequence) so they were unpredictable in content and timing. I think the combination of these factors, me concentrating on the music and the unpredictability of the video sound track, meant that I misinterpreted the sounds as coming from someone in the room with me.

I tried playing just the music again but there was no ghost effect. Playing the video without music didn't reproduce the effect either. I could, however, hear the sound I'd heard that I had interpreted as a person. But it didn't sound much like a person any more. Then I tried playing the video and music together again. There was still no ghost effect. It suggested to me that, as with visual misperceptions, aural misperceptions don't work a second time. Once your brain knows what it is really listening to it doesn't misperceive again (usually).

I've noticed strange noises while listening to music before. On investigation the 'strange' noises have always turned out to be something normal that I would never have misinterpreted without the music playing. The music appears to make background sounds more difficult to correctly identify, leading to misperception.

One final point. Why did I think the person / ghost was behind me? When listening to the video without the music, the ambient sounds did not appear behind me, even the recording was in stereo. I suspect the positional illusion arose from my brain trying to make sense of the anomalous situation. I could SEE clearly there was no one in front of me so my brain decided the noise must be coming from behind.

These are just my initial thoughts. I may try some experiments to see if I can reproduce the effect. Meanwhile, if anyone has heard ghostly sounds while listening to music, I'd be interested to hear from you.

1 July: Ghost in a hazmat suit

Bush tree ghostRecently, on a birding trip in the countryside, I happened to turn round to see where I'd just been. I was shocked to see a large, peculiar-looking human figure nearby. I was surprised because there had been no sign of anyone just seconds before. It is possible, I suppose, that the person had emerged from nearby vegetation, though unlikely. Even more of a surprise was that the figure then disappeared! So, a ghost then! But most unnerving of all was that the figure appeared to be wearing a hazmat suit!

I studied the place where the figure had appeared closely. I have made a rough picture of it (right). The rectangular object in the foreground is the trunk of a conifer tree. The object behind is a bush leaning over heavily, as illustrated. In a brief glance, the lower bit of the bush and the trunk of the tree resemble legs. The upper bit of the bush, gave the impression of an arm sticking out. There was another bush (not illustrated) behind and to the right of the trunk. It gave the impression of another arm matching the one on the left. Just above the 'arms' a dark shadow fell across the conifer trunk giving the impression of a face covered by a dark mask or visor, hence the notion of someone in a hazmat suit.

It was, of course, a glance misperception. However, it was an unusually graphic one. The 'figure' looked much moire realistic than my crude picture suggests so that it still resembled a menacing figure even when I was no longer misperceiving. It rates as the scariest ghost I've seen to date! That's not because I thought it was a ghost - I don't usually find them scary. It was because I thought I was watching a real person wearing a real hazmat suit. None of the situations I can think of where that might occur are ones where I'd like to be present.

Last month's (June) website figures are an average of 14685 hits per day. This is a little down on the previous month's 15767 daily average.

© Maurice Townsend 2015

ASSAP

Previous blog pages ...

  • June 2015 (including interactive ghost, presence on train, orbs, spade wings)
  • May 2015 (including ghosts seen during vigils, mystery flash, sense of presence, transparent ghost, daytime UFO)
  • Apr 2015 (including UFO behind trees, orbs behind anything, possible cause of road ghost sightings, white-hatted ghost)
  • Mar 2015 (including moving object looking motionless, retreating ghost, IFO turning into a UFO)
  • Feb 2015 (including best ghost yet, how things vanish, purple thing, ghost in inappropriate attire)
  • Jan 2015 (including winter insect orbs, ghost from a train, strangeness threshold, flashes in the sky)
  • Dec 2014 (including lumpy horizon, green blob, strange lights, orbs, white floating thing)
  • Nov 2014 (including doors opening by themselves, haunting flashes, sense of presence, formant noise)
  • Oct 2014 (including animal ghosts, tricorn-hatted figure, seeing 0.23 celebrities monthly, dancing ghost)
  • Sep 2014 (including paper defying gravity, low flying UFOs, photographing ghosts, moving still photos)
  • Aug 2014 (including figure on a pillar, orbs still worth studying, ghost objects, shadow ghost)
  • July 2014 (including yellow orb, teleportation, ghostly whispers, owl, strange announcement)
  • June 2014 (including hand in a tree, blurry flying object, white alien, strange pattern on a dragonfly)
  • May 2014 (including single witness UFOs, ghosts vanishing, anomalies seen through gaps, rock face, creeping doppelgangers)
  • Apr 2014 (including unrecognized ghosts, odd UFO photo, do short-sighted people see ghosts, man with no face)
  • Mar 2014 (including unusual shaped UFO, ghost on a train, ghost presence, vampires, ghost calling)
  • Feb 2014 (including confusion, daylight orbs, haunted milk bottle, ghost on a bridge, too obvious explantations)
  • Jan 2014 (including colliding orbs, ball lightning, de-orbing, ghost mouse, mysterious flashes, ghost misidentification)
  • Dec 2013 (including popping orbs, new shadow ghost, ignoring a ghostly hand, dust turning into orbs videoed)
  • Nov 2013 (including hearing voices, blurry ghosts, mirrors and ghosts, coincidences, UFOs near airports)
  • Oct 2013 (including fairy photo, mist ghost, yeti, premonitions, orbs are NOT dust, how hauntings start)
  • Sep 2013 (including moving sticks, targets affecting odds in psi tests, shape shifting, not photographing ghosts)
  • Aug 2013 (including ghosts in plain view, mystery photo, seeing faces, ear pointing, shadow presence, time distortion)
  • July 2013 (including floating ghosts, on being a ghost, ghost ducks, follow that ghost - yes, ghosts galore)
  • June 2013 (including transparent ghosts, distance of UFOs, other stuff going on while witnessing anomalous phenomena)
  • May 2013 (including ghost seen AND photographed, time distortion, reproducing anomalous phenomena)
  • Apr 2013 (including door ghost moving, UFOs from a train, missing time, reality glitches, EVP without E, weird photos)
  • Mar 2013 (including witness credibility, distraction to see ghosts, movie in real life, photo or witness)
  • Feb 2013 (including possible orb comeback, OBEs go mainstream, walking ghost, feelings without touch, object movement)
  • Jan 2013 (including a big problem with ghost vigils, time distortions, cryptids, snow ghosts and rods, causes of hauntings)
  • Dec 2012 (including mysterious injuries, ghosts versus people, voice from nowhere, experimenting with a ghost)
  • Nov 2012 (including reflected ghost, isolated EVPs, ghosts talking to each other, invisible presences)
  • Oct 2012 (including ghostly presence, shadow ghost, strange pigeons, window ghosts, hallucinations)
  • Sep 2012 (including yellow grass, weird waterfalls, vanishing buzzard, ghost vigils, slowing down time)
  • Aug 2012 (including seeing unknown animals, glowing lampposts, EMF meters as an accident of history)
  • July 2012 (including turning rods into orbs, psychic insight, making insects spell, glowing eyes, haunting hot spots)
  • June 2012 (including doppelganger mystery, not expecting ghosts, anecdotal evidence, credible witnesses)
  • May 2012 (including lenticular cloud, ghost encounter, ghost train, weird stuff in a tree, van Gogh, resolution)
  • Apr 2012 (including naturalists and ghosts, odd feelings during OBE, wrong kind of sound, voice from nowhere)
  • Mar 2012 (including jogging and ghosts, misty ghosts, image noise, full spectrum photography, EVP of machines)
  • Feb 2012 (including ghost car, analyzing anomalous photos, ghost at rock concert, OBEs and motion sickness)
  • Jan 2012 (including stopping flying rods, photographing fairies, time warp, a ghost tie, ghostly fingers, New Year UFOs)
  • Dec 2011 (including missing time, improving ghost vigils, anomalous photos, ghostly faces, seeing fiction)
  • Nov 2011 (including OBE video games, EVP and VLF, whatshisname, paranormal misconceptions, invisible ghosts)
  • Oct 2011 (including smartphone ghosts, similacrum, smell of ghosts, morphing UFOs, slowing time)
  • Sep 2011 (including tidy ghost, MADS, transparent ghost, big announcement, ghost fox, not alone)
  • Aug 2011 (including cold spots, spectral hound, triangular UFO, ghost photos, rushing air and being dragged)
  • July 2011 (including Hilary Evans, Harry Potter, witness investment, bias in paranormal research, TV detectives)
  • June 2011 (including ASSAP @ 30, detecting lies, hyper-vigilence, strange thunder)
  • May 2011 (including ASSAP @ 30, lone shoes, flying rods, bias, early memories, strange floating object)
  • Apr 2011 (including royal wedding, mirror touch synaesthesia, sleep disorders, new ghost sighting)
  • Mar 2011 (including roof heron, Atlantis, first time witnesses, comparing film to digital paranormal photos)
  • Feb 2011 (including predicting the future, ghost bird, time slip, weird floor, what do we really know about paranormal)
  • Jan 2011 (including the ghost hunting boom, orange UFO, EVP experiment, extreme normality)
  • Dec 2010 (including microsleeps and road ghosts, shadow ghost in snow, lack of ghosts in photos, anthropomorphism)
  • Nov 2010 (including EMF meters, auras, evidence for precognition, sensitisation, the ghost hunting boom)
  • Oct 2010 (including black orbs, UnConvention, mirror visions, levitation, flying rods and orbs)
  • Sep 2010 (including a ring tone from the roof, shadow ghost video, time slip explanation, daylight orb video)
  • Aug 2010 (including Parisian UFO, sense of presence, SLI, consulting experts, misperception)
  • Jul 2010 (including Sherlock Holmes as a paranormal investigator, haunting sounds, what ARE hallucinations)
  • Jun 2010 (including the Loch Ness Monster, gorilla video, getting ghost stories the wrong way round)
  • May 2010 (including ball lightning, Wem ghost photo, waking up twice, eyewitnesses, Robin Hood)
  • Apr 2010 (including causes of road ghosts, new orb evidence, bird UFOs, UFO photo, not quite seeing is believing)
  • Mar 2010 (including experiencing hypnagogia, consciousness, belief, prolonged misperception, doppelganger)
  • Feb 2010 (including visual continuity errors - AKA ghosts, near sleep experiences on trains, spontaneous OOBEs)
  • Jan 2010 (including intelligent oil, SLI, inducing OOBEs, orange UFOs, the bleak midwinter)
  • Dec 2009 (including review of research in the noughties, pretty orbs, imperceptions, river monster)
  • Nov 2009 (including EVP without a recorder, demons and entities, why only some people see ghosts)
  • Oct 2009 (including grey ghost, near sleep experiences, a triangular UFO and seeing David Beckham)
  • Sep 2009 (including latent memory, Tufted Puffin, Bermuda Triangle and garden poltergeist)
  • Aug 2009 (including official UFO files, partial ghosts, flying rods and miracles)
  • Jul 2009 (including garden poltergeist, big cat video, orbs and hypnotic regression)
  • Jun 2009 (including thoughts from nowhere, shadow ghosts, premonitions and metallic UFO)
  • May 2009 (including analysing paranormal photos, making ghosts and ghost lore)
  • Apr 2009 (including phantom bird, choice blindness and grass that gets up and walks away)
  • Mar 2009 (including deja vu, ghostly mists, weird UFO photo, white ghosts)
  • Feb 2009 (including hidden memories, coincidences, auras and window UFOs)
  • Jan 2009 (including animals sensing ghosts, vampires, flying rod season and a haunted path)
  • Dec 2008
  • Nov 2008
  • Oct 2008
  • Sep 2008
  • Aug 2008
  • July 2008
  • June 2008
  • May 2008
  • April 2008
  • March 2008
  • February 2008
  • January 2008
  • December 2007
  • November 2007
  • October 2007
  • Even older